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This guide is intended for landowners who are interested in helping grassland birds and have some flexibility in their management approaches. Even just choosing to implement one of the practices listed below can have a positive impact. The information in this handout is based off nearly a decade of Virginia Working Landscapes grassland research, which aims to use science to inform best management practices for biodiversity conservation. To learn more about our grassland research, click here!

1 Credit Valley Conservation [CVC]. 2013. Grassland Fact Sheet. <>.
2 Michigan State University. 2012. Agricultural Practices That Conserve Grassland Birds. <>.
3 National Audubon Society. 2012. Hayfield Mowing and Grassland Nesting Birds. <>.
4 Ontario Soil Crop. 2015. Grassland Workbook. <>.
5 The Cornell Lab of Ornithology NestWatch. Right Bird, Right House. <>.
6 Vermont Center for Ecostudies. 2018. Grassland Bird Conservation in New England. <>.